Every wine lover should be aware a few basics of different types of wines. French wines are some of the most sought after in the world. France has some of the oldest wineries in the world that are known for producing top quality wine. The art of wine production and labeling France can be complex to understand especially for a novice. That is why it is important to learn a few basics before you settle on a particular wine.

To begin with, all novices should first familiarize with the French appellation system. Most of the French wines are labeled according to the region of origin. The place of origin will feature as part of the government controlled classification scheme for wines that distinguishes grape varieties and various wine making practices for the appellation. The designation d’oroginal controlee is considered as the finest quality of classification.

The classification system utilizes the concept of terroir which gives the idea that wines produced in different regions have varying qualities. This notion refers to how aspects such as altitude, soil, and topography give wine a particular attribute. Most of the French Sommelier will argue that the region where the wine is produced is as important as the type of the grape used in the production. Whereas France provides some of the renowned brands of wines, novices should take note of a few regions, to begin with.

Burgundy

This is a region known for the production of both white and red wines. Burgundy red wines are the finest with dark, earthy notes. Pinot Noir varieties are used for the production of red wine while Chardonnay grapes produce the Burgundy white wines.

Bordeaux

The region has a reputation for producing medium body red wines that are blended from different grapes.

Champagne

Champagne is produced in the Northeastern part of France. The Champagne is a high altitude region with a cold climate where most of the legendary winemakers use a traditional double-fermentation process to make their wines.

Loire

Loire region has 87 appellations that are located along the Loire River in the North Eastern part of France. Winemakers close to the ocean are known for producing Muscadet. Winemakers in the upper Loire specialize in Sauvignon and Chenin Blanc.

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